All About Pakistan

All About Pakistan

Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

· Father of the Nation      Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
· National Poet                  Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
· Head of the State           Asif Ali Zardari, President
· Head of Government     Yousaf Raza gillani, Prime Minister
· Capital                            Islamabad
· Area Total                                          796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab                                                  205,344 Sq. km.
Sindh                                                    140,914 Sq. km.
North West Frontier Province           74,521 Sq. km.
Balochistan                                         347,190 Sq. km.
Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 Sq. km.
Islamabad (Capital)                            906 Sq. km.
· Population                                       149.03 million

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Pakistan’s Official Map
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)


· National Flower
Jasmine.
· National Tree
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
· National Animal
Markhor.
· National Bird
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
· Flora
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
· Fauna
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
· Popular games
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
· Tourist’s resorts
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
· Archaeological sites
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
· Major Cities
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
· Major Crops
Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
· Agricultural Growth Rate
4.15% in 2002-03
· Total cropped area
22.0 million hectares
· Industry
Textiles, Cement, Fertilizer, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
· Energy
Major sources
Electricity (Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear) Oil, Coal, and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Power Generating Capacity
18,062 MW

Administrative Setup
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining NWFP is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Divisions and Districts

Divisions
Districts

NWFP       7 ,   24
Punjab     8  ,   34
Sindh       5   ,21
Balochistan    6      ,22
While FATA consist of 13 Areas/Agencies and Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have 7 and 5 Districts respectively.
· Religion                 95% Muslims, 5% others.
· Annual Per capita income      Rs. 28,933 (US $ 492 approximately)
· GDP          5.1%
· Currency        Pak. Rupee.

  • Imports
    Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
  • Exports
    Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
    · Languages
    Urdu (National) and English (Official)
    · Literacy rate
    51.6%
    · Government
    Parliamentary form
    · Parliament
    Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
    The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
    The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).

    · Pakistan National Flag.
    Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious miniorities.

    · National Anthem
    Approved in June, 1954
    Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
    Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
    Duration: 80 seconds
    · State Emblem
    The State Emblem consists of:
    1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
    2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
    3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
    4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Unity Faith, Discipline

Top Ten Countries with Largest Muslim Population

Top Ten Countries with Largest Muslim Population is based on the total Muslim population in a country. Top countries include Indonesia, Pakistan, and India.

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Health

Hospitals
947
Dispensaries
4,800
Basic Health Units (BHUs)
4,820
Maternity & Child Health Centres
1,084
Rural Health Centres (RHCs)
581
Tuberculosis (TB) Centres
357
Hospital Beds
82,844
Doctors (registered)
101,635
Dentists (registered)
5,068
Nurses (registered
44,520
Paramedics
22,714
Lady Health Workers
6,397

Education

Primary Schools
164,200
Middle Schools
19,100
High Schools
12,900
Arts & Science Colleges
925
Professional Colleges
374
Universities
Public Sector (including one WomenUniversity)
29
Private Sector
10

Employment

Total Labour force
42.38 million
Employed Labour Force
39.41 million
Agriculture Sector
18.91 million
Manufacturing & Mining sector
4.51 million
Construction
2.25 million
Trade
5.27 million
Transport
1.97 million
Finance, Community & Social Services
5.90 million
Others
5.87 million